Legal Vocabulary – Business Vocab Series

This post is dedicated to legal vocabulary.  We are already at post number five in our series on Business Vocabulary and this one covers all the legal aspects of work and life.

*I would like to emphasize that if you work in ANY position in a corporate environment, be it marketing, finance, engineering or other, you will need to know the vocabulary of ALL the different areas in your company. That’s because you never work isolated. Even when you are in a meeting about one specific topic, for example, a meeting that is about  a new product launch, you will need to be able to talk about everything that envolves this new product. Key topics in such a meeting would be if the legal aspects are in order, if the contracts and lead times of all the suppiers of raw material okay, what the graphics of the packaging will be, what the price, costs, profits and revenues are, if the production line and logistics for the new product are ready, how distribution channels and customers will be communicated about it, etc. Of course, you don’t need to be a specialist in all of these topics, but you need to know the essential vocabulary of all areas to be able to really understand what people are saying in the meeting and to be able to contribute with your insights.

(*note repeated in every post of this series)

fraud, (to) bribe fraude, comprar alguém pagando propina
“Recently CEO of Nissan, Carlos Ghosn, was accused of fraud by the Japanese government.”
lawyer, attorney advogado
“I need to call my lawyer to consult him.”
judge juiz
“The judge entered the court and sat down.”
prosecutor advogado do governo/estado
“The prosecutor is responsible for deciding what to charge a suspect with and what type of penalty to ask for.”
legal department departamento juridico
“Once a company reaches a certain size it needs its own legal department.”
to sue, to file a case/suit/law suit processar
“In USA it’s common for consumers to sue big companies, so McDonalds gets sued 5 times a year.”
law suit um processo (quando vai processar alguem)
“Our competitor filed a lawsuit against us.”
litigation litigação
“That lawyer works mostly with litigation.”
to draft a contract, draw up a contract fazer um contrato
“She drew up the contract and presented it to the client.”
to settle a dispute resolver uma disputa
“The two competitors settled the dispute out of the court room.”
to file an appeal entrar com um novo processo após decisão do juiz
“They didn’t agree with the judge’s decision and filed an appeal a week after the verdict.”
trade secret segredo de formula ou pratica que causa vantagem competitiva
“The ingredients and exact quantities to Coke are considered a trade secret.”
secret, confidential, classified segredo, confidencial
“This information is confidential.”
non-disclosure agreement acordo de sigilo
“Before they allowed me to see further information they asked me to sign a non-disclosure agreement.”
(labor) union sindicato
“The labor unions used to have a lot of power.”
(sexual) harrassment case caso de assedio sexual
“He was accused of harrasssment.”
gender discrimination discriminação por causa do sexo (homen, mulher, …)
“The new policy is focused on addressing gender discrimination.”
allegations / to allege alegações / alegar
“She alleges that she wasn’t paid for overtime.”
to claim / to accuse alegar / acusar
The man claims that he is falsely accused of the crime.
to charge acusar (quando a policia/justicia oficializa as acusações e o acusado terá que se defender na frente do juiz)
“Andrew: what are the charges? Brian: He is being charged with murder.”
IP – intellectual property propriedade intellectual
“That lawyer is specialized in IP law.”
copyright direitos autorais
“You automatically have copyrights to your work unless you explicitly declare the contrary.”
patent patente
“We filed for a patent and will get the confirmation only in 4 years time.”
trademark logo e ou nome sobre o qual você tem direitos
“You are violating trademark law because your logo is too similar to his.”
proprietary technology tecnologia do qual somos proprietarios
“They are licensing their proprietary technology.”
legal dispute, battle disputa legal
“I prefer to settle legal disputes outside of the court room.”
LLC – limited liability company empresa de responsabilidade limitada
“They founded a LLC”.
private limited company empresa particular de responsabilidade limitada
“There are several benefits to creating a private limited company.”
disclaimer declaração formal que você não é responsavel por possiveis danos, etc.
“All our product manuals contain disclaimers.”
offshore company entidade legal em outro pais utilizado por vantagens fiscais, etc.
“There are some countries in the Carribean that host a lot of offshore companies because of tax benefits.”
person, individual / company, corporation pessoa fisica / pessoa juridica
“An individual’s tax declarations have the follow different rules than a corporation.”
nonprofit (organization) empresa sem fins lucrativos
“She work for a nonprofit.”
NGO – non governamental organization ONG
“NGOs pay almost no taxes.”
anti trust laws leis que regulam questões competição honesta, monopolio, etc.
“The prime minister is proposing na update in the anti trust laws.”
witness testemunha
“We have a witness who saw the suspect leave the site of the crime that night.”
plaintiff aquele que entra no processo judicial contra alguem
“The plaintiff has little evidence to back up his allegations.”
defendant quem esta sendo acusado num processo judicial
“The defendant stayed calm during the interrogation of the plaintiff’s lawyer.”
bill proposta de lei
“The bill is getting a lot of support in congress and will probably be signed this year.”
breach of contract quebra de contrato
“Meeting with our competitor over lunch without prior authorization is considered a breach of contract.”
liable, liability responsavel, responsabilidade
“You are liable for any damage caused to the machine that was rented.”
citizenship cidadania
“The immigrant can apply for a full citizenship after having lived in the country for 10 years.”
civil rights movement movimento dos direitos humanos
“Martin Luther King is one of the most well known people in the history of the civil rights movement.”
negligent / negligence negligente, negligencia
“The insurance will not cover the costs if the damages were caused by negligence.”
deductible deduzivel
“Educational costs are deductible.”
notary office cartorio
“In Brazil people use the notary office much more than people in Europe.”
eligible elegivel
“If you live on minimum wage (salary) you are eligible for financial help when you want to go to college.”
proof, evidence prova, evidencia
“We need more evidence to have a strong case.”
work visa, work permit visto de trabalho
“Quem does your work visa expire?”
ID – identification, driver’s license, social security number documento de identificação, carteira de motorista, cpf
“May I see your ID?”
articles of incorporation, articles of association, corporate charter contrato social
” The lawyer drew up the articles of incorporation and asked all the parties to review them.”
settlement, to settle acordo (pos disputa), fazer um acordo
“I always prefer to settle the dispute out of the court room.”